Anne Frank II

Program Information

Series: A Moment in Time
Duration: 00:03:38
Year Produced: 2010
Description:

June 1942, Amsterdam: Anne Frank received a gift for her thirteenth birthday--a red plaid book with blank pages. It became her diary--the most famous diary in the world.

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Transcript

Lead: June 1942, Amsterdam: Anne Frank received a gift for her thirteenth birthday--a red plaid book with blank pages. It became her diary--the most famous diary in the world.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Just weeks after her birthday, the Frank family went into hiding. When the Nazis occupied the Netherlands in 1940 there were about 140,000 Jews in the country--a large number in Amsterdam. During the occupation it is estimated that 20,000 to 30,000 Jews went into hiding--aided by the non-Jewish population and protected by the Dutch Resistance. Unfortunately, approximately one third of Jews in hiding were betrayed or discovered by the Nazis.

To protect his family from deportation for slave labor or worse, Anne’s father, Otto, began stocking food and supplies and moving furniture into an attic apartment behind his office building located in the heart of Amsterdam on the Prinsengracht Canal. Frank solicited the help of four of his most trusted employees who agreed to help the family if it became necessary for them to go into hiding.

When in July 1942 Anne’s sister Margot was summoned for deportation to a German labor camp, the family went into hiding in the “secret annex” prepared by Frank. They were joined by the Van Pels family and a practicing Jewish dentist, Frits Pfeffer. Though the Franks' situation was not unusual in wartime Amsterdam, it was remarkable that through harboring resources and the courageous and loyal help of their non-Jewish friends the eight in hiding were able to stay together and undetected for twenty-five months.

Next Time: Betrayed

At the University of Richmond, this is Dan Roberts.